Jack the Ripper
In 1888, women began to be murdered one by one at night in Whitechapel, London. The killings were brutal. The killing was done by cutting both ends at the width of the neck. Not only that, the stomach was pierced and organs such as kidneys and uterus were taken away or pulled out.
Mary Ann Nichols, a forty-five-year-old widow, was found first. They had five children and were not seen since last night. Their mutilated bodies were found in the morning. The other four victims who took place from August to November 9 are Annie Chapman, Elizabeth Stride, Catherine Eddowes and Mary Jane Kelly. They all had one thing in common. All of them lived next to each other. All were poor and street prostitutes. But this unknown killer could not be found.
One of the most embarrassing cases in England’s police history was the infamous serial killer Jack the Ripper, also known as the White Chapel killer or the leather-clad killer. Perhaps the great-grandfather of serial killers. Jack the Ripper is said to have committed five murders. These five victims are called Canonical Five.
Immediately after the first murder, the police received a letter. He is responsible for this murder. There will be more killings. The letter also said that the ears of the victim who was going to be killed would be cut off.
But the police did not take it seriously. But the next murder took place in the following days and the victim’s ears were cut off. With that, people started protesting.
At that time, the area called Whitechapel was a place of immigrants. Therefore, it was an area where robbery, murder, and prostitution were rampant. White people in England were rare here. Therefore, the government had no interest in the killings or attacks happening here. But because of the violence against women, many started protests. People were afraid to go out not only at night but also during the day. All these five murders took place in the next two months. Two murders took place in one day. All were with the same knife. Knowing the depth of the cut, it could also be assumed that the murderer was in the same state of mind at that time. That is why the police suspected that it was the work of a psycho killer or a serial killer.
It is also puzzling that none of the deceased cried out for help, screamed, or resisted and inflicted wounds. Every kill is done very professionally. An iron rod was inserted into their private parts and internal organs were taken out. In the fifth murder, their hearts were also cut out and taken away.
Although many people were interrogated and arrested, there was no clear clue about the killer.
Many letters were received by the police. Many were fake letters. One of the letters came in the name of Jack the Ripper. But later it turned out that it was faked by some newspaper to increase their circulation. The first letter was also addressed to Jack. That’s why the Ripper was given the name Jack the Ripper.
In the last murder, the friend who was with the victim had a glimpse of the man; Their description was also interesting. They said he was a tall, strong man, wearing a leather coat and a black hat. But it was a startling proof that she had a good image of Victoria Ranji.
The presence of Victoria Ranji’s image has confused the police. Even a grandson of Ranji was under suspicion in this case. A lot of people were suspicious. Mentioned in it:
Kosminski (Aaron Kosminski), a Jew who lived in White Chapel.
John Druitt (Montague John Druitt), who was a lawyer and a school teacher, later committed suicide. He was the son of a local surgeon. He was also a good cricketer. He practiced as a teacher and a lawyer and was fired from his job as a teacher for some reason. He then committed suicide by jumping into the River Thames.
The Ripper’s last letter stated that his final victim would be Mary Jane Kelly. He committed suicide on the same day he killed them. Later there were speculations that he was the Ripper himself. But no circumstantial evidence was found.
George Chapman (George Chapman): He is Polish and has studied surgery. Was looking for a job as a doctor’s assistant. Able to tear apart the human body. He moved to London in 1888. His wife; He had filed a complaint saying that he got married in another way in London. He killed his second wife by poisoning her with something like arsenic. Then he got married again. He took the name of their sir and took over all their property. Then he poisoned them too. Later he married two more and killed them too. He was considered a ripper. But he was hanged in 1903 for killing his wives.
Michael Ostrog – Russian doctor and thief.
Dr. Francis J. Tumblety (Francis Tumblety) – an American doctor.
Like this, thousands of people stood on the brink of doubt. William Gull, Victoria Ranji’s personal doctor, is a person worth mentioning.
Similarly, Prince Albert Victor of the royal family was also suspected.
that Ranji’s doctor’s son married a prostitute without his father’s knowledge and had a child with her; There are also arguments that the reason for the murder was his excessive anger towards the prostitutes who ruined his son’s life.
In any case, the doctors concluded that only a person who knows the human body well can do such incisions easily; Surgeons in particular were also suspected as rippers.
Apart from this, a doctor Francis J Tumlett who came from America also suspected him. This doctor was also suspected of Lincoln’s assassination and was released for lack of evidence. He was suspected but escaped to France before being arrested.
Despite many conspiracy theories, the police did not get a single clue and it remains a mystery even today.
Suspicion arose that only these five murders were committed by Jack the Ripper and that the remaining six murders (a total of eleven murders occurred during this period) were committed by someone else in the Ripper’s guise.
The truth is that even as speculations about the Ripper run rampant, the police have not been able to find any leads. A letter came to the police saying “from the hell”.
The police were shocked to see what was written on it. The letter said that a victim’s kidney is being sent along with it and I have eaten part of it and you have to eat the other part. The parcel that came with it contained a woman’s kidney along with wine in a wine bottle. A piece of cloth believed to be the Ripper’s was found near the fourth victim’s body, with writings about Jews on the wall above it. Fearing that it would cause a communal riot, the authorities swept it away.
People even suspected that prostitution had declined greatly after this and that it was a ploy by the authorities.
Another incident happened there that day; A Jew ran a barber shop there. One day he chased and stabbed a woman. The police caught him and he was later committed to a mental asylum.
Twenty-five years after the Jack the Ripper cases, all the evidence, including the victims’ clothing, was put up for auction. That was after the police closed the case. At that time, the evidence was auctioned by the forensic department. No forensic medicine was in effect at the time of the Ripper’s attack.
The blood on these clothes was tested for DNA. DNA testing of people in those areas took a lot of time to find people who matched that DNA. It looked similar to someone’s DNA, so his entire family was DNA tested. It is said that they proved that it was done by someone from their family. As if
that was not enough, it was the same barber who, at that time, ran after a woman during the day, and he became mentally ill and was locked up in a mental hospital. Although there is no official report about this, there is still a speculation.
In any case, those who commit such brutal murders without blood in their eyes are later known as Rippers. The branch that studies this kind of mentality is called Ripperology and those who study it are called Ripperologists.